The Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah the 1st Mausoleum is located in Kampung Terengganu in the area of Durian Sebatang, and is only a mere 2 km from the town centre of Teluk Intan. It is the last of several mausoleums in which is part of a royal tradition where the newly installed Royal Highness Paduka Sri Sultan of Perak of any time must visit before proceeding to Beting Beras Basah in Bagan Datuk. This mausoleum has long proven that Teluk Intan was indeed the centre of power and administration of the Perak Sultanate.

The late Paduka Seri Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I ibni Raja Kecil Besar Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Sultan Ahmaddin Shah was the 22nd Sultan of Perak and was laid to rest in this mausoleum. Married to Raja Sharifah Ngah Aminah binti Raja Alang Rawin, the royal couple was blessed with three princes, namely Raja Lob Yusuf (who was subsequently installed as the 27th Sultan of Perak adopting the title Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah, and laid to rest in Sayong, Kuala Kangsar), Raja Sulaiman (laid to rest in Ligor) and Raja Pandak Abdul Rahman Ibni Almarhum Pandak Budak Rasul.

It was during the rule of Sultan Abdullah that a war was fought between his forces and those of Raja Ngah Jaafar Putera Raja Ahmad Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah. Sultan Abdullah lost the war and was compelled to leave his palace in Durian Sebatang seeking shelter in the house of Datuk Laksamana Tok Janggut

In 1853 with Sultan Abdullah the 1st in exile, Raja Ngah Jaafar was then hailed as the de facto Sultan of Perak by the Malay noblemen who were not supportive of Sultan Abdullah. Then British Governor of the Straits Settlement, E.A.Blundell was informed of this development by Raja Ngah Jaafar himself, and as expected the governor escalated the news to his superiors in India. Yet, by then Raja Lop Yusuf, the eldest son of Sultan Abdullah took it upon himself to convince the Malay noblemen to return their support to his father. His attempts failed. On 23 of November 1855, Sultan Abdullah wrote a letter requesting the help of the British Government to assist in restoring him to his rightful throne, but this was turned down as it was the policy of the British Government to not interfere with internal affairs of the State of Perak.

Back in November of 1850, the Raja Muda Ngah Ali, Prince of Putera Almarhum Sultan Shahabuddin Marhum Safiullah, who acted as the representative of the Sultan of Perak had through a letter ceded the district of Larut to Che Long Jaafar that was signed by the former supported by a few Palace officials. However, in November 1856, Raja Ngah Jaafar who had declared himself the Sultan of Perak reaffirmed Che Long Jaafar as the chieftain of Larut. Ultimately, Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah I passed away suddenly a year later and was laid to rest in Durian Sebatang. The late Sultan is oft referred to in state as “Marhum Itikadullah” or better known as “Marhum Durian Sebatang”.

The Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah the 1st Mausoleum in its condition in 2011. Picture taken from facebook account of Jamal Jamaludin

Located in Kampung Terengganu, Teluk Intan in the district of Lower Perak, this mausoleum which measures 90 square foot is approximately 20 metres from Jalan Mak Intan. According to reports written in 1907 by Jeragan Abdul Shukor, commissioned to compile a study on the condition of royal mausoleums by then Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar, the Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah 1st mausoleum had lost its original headstone. In 1969, it was then beautified and restored to give it a semblance of uniform in line with the other royal mausoleums. However, it fell into disrepair and it wasn’t until the installation of Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah in 2015, that the palace accorded its due recognition by building a shelter as well as a due notice that state its significance in royal history.

References:

  1. 22nd Sultan of Perak: Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah ibni Raja Kecil Besar Abdul Rahman (1851-1857), laman web Sembangkuala.com
  2. Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah, laman web rasmi Pejabat D.Y.M.M Paduka Seri Sultan Negeri Perak Darul Ridzuan
  3. M.A. Fawzi Basri. Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak. Yayasan Perak; 1986.
  4. N.A. Halim, Tempat-Tempat Bersejarah Negeri Perak, Jabatan Muzium; 1981.

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